Asset Owners in Sweden
In total, there are 290 municipalities in the country, with about 2000 water works. Local authorities are responsible of water services provision, and as a rule, the municipality owns water infrastructure, including all related facilities. It is also possible that non-governmental organizations participate in water supply and wastewater treatment. The Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of the Environment as well as Swedish Parliament and the Government are responsible for governance and management of water services in Sweden.
In Sweden, there is operating Water Services Act, 2007, which defines provision of water services, organization of sewage systems, water fees and other water related issues. One of Swedish national water programs is Strategic Water Innovation Program. It aims to contribute to environmental, social and economic sustainability by improving urban water cycle and functionality of water services by 2030. (SWWA, 2014)
Municipalities / local authorities in Sweden own a great number of public buildings as they are are responsible for a broad range of services beyond waste and water: housing, roads, , schools, public welfare, elderly care and childcare.
In Norrbotten, municipalities usually engage also in district heating by municipal companies or in companies in which municipalities held a share. The Swedish heating market, as a whole, caters to a net heat demand of around 100 TWh per year, whereof district heating covers around 50%. It dominates the business to business segment with over 90% of the market share for multi dwelling buildings and around 80% of the market share for non-residential buildings. In 2015, district heating was the dominant heating supply with a share of 51%. Secondary is electricity, which represents the extensive usage of heat pumps as the heating solution in single family homes (Source: District Heat Sweden )